Impact of direct and indirect written corrective feedback

My IATEFL 2022 presentation is scheduled for Thursday 19 May 2022, 12.45-13.15, at Hilton Lagan Room A.

This talk reviews various forms of written corrective feedback (instruction offered in response to errors in learners’ written output with a view to helping them build awareness, knowledge, and strategic competence to better monitor their writing in the future), and examines the effectiveness of direct and indirect forms of feedback in light of research findings.

My slides can be downloaded here.


Bitchener, J., & Ferris, D. R. (2012). Written Corrective Feedback in Second Language Acquisition and Writing. New York: Routledge.

Bitchener, J., & Knoch, U. (2010). Raising the linguistic accuracy level of advanced L2 writers with written corrective feedback. Journal of Second Language Writing, 19(4), 207-217

Brown, S. C., & Craik, F. I. M. (2000). Encoding and Retrieval of Information. In E. Tulving   & F. I. M. Craik (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Memory (93-107). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Dellar, H., & Walkley, A. (2016). Teaching Lexically: Principles and Practice. Peaslake: Delta Publishing.

Lalande, J. F. II (1982). Reducing composition errors: An experiment. Modern Language Journal, 66(2), 140-149.

Robb, T., Ross, S., & Shortreed, I. (1986). Salience of feedback on error and its effect on EFL writing quality. TESOL Quarterly, 20(1), 83-89.

Semke, H. (1984). The effects of the red pen. Foreign Language Annals, 17(3), 195-202.

Thornbury, S. (2017). The New A-Z of ELT. London: Macmillan Education.

van Beuningen, C., de Jong, N. H., & Kuiken, F. (2008). The effect of direct and indirect corrective feedback on L2 learners’ written accuracy. ITL International Journal of Applied Linguistics, 156(1), 279-296.

van Beuningen, C., de Jong, N. H., & Kuiken, F. (2012). Evidence on the effectiveness of comprehensive error correction in Dutch multilingual classrooms. Language Learning, 62(1), 1-41.

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